World War I Total War Inventions - Sample Essay
Perhaps, no historical account of any war that took place would be complete without looking back to the weapons that were used or invented during the war. World War I, for instance had introduced much to our history especially the weapons that were invented during that time. It can be recalled that the World War 1 was actually a product of some sort of a “domino effect. ” One event led to another event that led to the First World War. It all started when Archduke Franz Ferdinand, an Austro-Hungarian royalty, was killed on June 28 1914.
Because of Black Hand, a Serbian nationalist underground organization, which led the assassination, has caused the countries of the world to have a war. Then Austria-Hungary Emperor Franz Josef said that the Serbian government was actually related to the killing. The Austro-Hungarians then decided to intervene with the Serbian authority and decided to crush the underground nationalist movement. The assassination actually signaled the declaration of war of the Austria-Hungary to Serbia. The Serbia, having a close tie then with Russia, sought Russia’s help while the Austria-Hungary sought help from Germany.
France which was bounded by a treaty with Russia helped the forces of Serbia and Russia and ended up having a war with Germany, Austria-Hungary and their other allied forces. And the rest, as they say, is history. Other allies of each country have joined the war (Graham, 2004) The war then led to the significant inventions of war weapons. Bayonets According to history, bayonets were invented in France way back in the early 17th century. The use of bayonets during World War I seemed to be absurd to be used in warfare.
But then, it was used not as practical weapon, but more as being a psychological weapon (Duffy, 2004). The German army was the ones who designed the most number of bayonets during Word War I. Simply put, bayonet is a blade used for “close fights” that was attached in a rifle. Most of the bayonets looked like a knife (Duffy, 2004). Bayonets are ideally produced for “engineering purposes” only, until the German army came up with bayonets called “saw-back” blade. It was actually a kind of blade which can also serve as a saw when needed.
Although it was not really the intention behind the making of the new kind of bayonet, the saw-back blade served as a tool for spreading the notion that the saw-back bayonets would be used by the German army in their “close fights” with their opponents. Later on, the saw-back bayonets represented the German army as ruthless and brutal (Pope, 1995) Eventually, with the close combat fights which happened during World War I, the bayonets became the primary weapon used. Soldiers were instructed to use the bayonets in assailing their opponents by targeting the crucial parts of the body, like the throat and the chest.
Even so, while not totally attacking the opponent with a bayonet, it has caused anxiety and fear to the opponents. Just by seeing the bayonet being aimed at one soldier, it would definitely cause the opponents to be scares. Thus, it was used as a psychological weapon of war (Pope, 1995). Flamethrowers Flamethrower is a device, used also during World War I, aimed to produce a stream controllable fire. The device has sowed fear among the French and British armies in 1915 when the German army used it against them.
According to historical accounts, the use of flamethrower started way back in the 5th century B. C. Flamethrowers were composed of long tubes which emit fire as it has coal or sulphur inside (Duffy, 2004). The German army utilized two models of the flamethrowers or Flammenthrower (in German). The flamethrowers were developed by Richard Fiedler in the 1900 and came up with small and large models. It can either be carried by a tank, by a vehicle or hand carried by the army (Duffy, 2004). The small model was portable one which can emit a stream of fire up to 18 meters long.