Rubbish is not worthless - Sample Essay

Essay Plan

The section will introduce the topic to the reader coupled with availing background information. This is to give an overview of how rubbish is viewed by most residents in not only UK but also other nations globally. In addition it also talks of some of the methods that rubbish recycling normally goes through before finally being resold to citizens as new products. The last sentence will be a thesis statement acting as the main argument that will be defended throughout the essay.

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Paragraph Two

Second paragraph will feature different types of rubbish and their main sources. It will also talk about the expenditures that human beings incur due to rubbish disposal.

Paragraph Three

The section will outline varied approaches in which rubbish is categorized and the recycling process. The paragraph will also talk about some of the big business that emanate from recycling business.

Paragraph Four
The paragraph will expound on some of the effects that emanate from poor recycling programs especially in the UK that result to massive loss of funds.
Paragraph Five

The fifth paragraph states other nations that have embraced garbage recycling in addition to the benefits associated with garbage recycling to both the government and citizens of a nation.

Paragraph Six

This section gives an example of San Francisco, a city in the United States, which is at the forefront in campaigning for zero garbage in the world.


The section ties all the essential and main arguments in the paper. Mostly, this will include literature findings whereby the first sentence will be restating the thesis statement.


This section will feature all the used, reliable and valid sources.

According to Brown (2009), rubbish is any substance that has no value to a specific human beings, hence it is worthless. The fact that nobody ever wants to be associated with rubbish does not mean that it is worthless as most claim. In the UK, there are usually garbage trucks that normally drive in estates to collect weekly rubbish that is usually composed of food, newspapers, bottles and even electronics (Brown, 2009).

According to the perceptions of UK citizens, this rubbish after being collected is usually taken to a dumb site, dumbed there are left to decompose because after all it is “worthless”. Unfortunately, this is not the case, once the rubbish has been collected, it normally taken to a site where sorting is done. In the sorting process, different categories of the rubbish such as electronics, bottles, and food are put in different sections (Brown, 2009). After successful sorting, the materials are taken to factories where they are recycled to new products and sold back to citizens who normally have no idea the raw materials used for the recycled products. The essay will aide in giving information why rubbish not that worthless as most UK citizens assume and that is of great value as any other product.

Studies show that the level of rubbish is ever increasing annually and this has been attributed to the increased shopping centers in the UK (Allen, 2009). In the recent years, UK has experienced a rapid increase in the number of shopping centers and malls where one can get all sort of items from groceries, fruits and bakery. The increase of shopping centers has directly resulted to increased shopping behaviors and it is because of this that some people tend to buy more food than they can consume hence most of it ending up as wasted food (Allen, 2009). It is because of excessive shopping that food thrown away adds up to 6.7 million tons, which is a third the amount of food purchased each year (Brown, 2009). Although many people tend to believe that rubbish is worthless, to some it is big business because whereas one disposes rubbish, another person elsewhere normally does not see it as rubbish but rather wealth.

The rubbish business involves transporting the rubbish elsewhere for disposal where they are sorted in categories before finally being transformed in to new products that are sold back to people (Brown, 2009). Through recycling, new products such as paper, cardboards and glass are produced and sold back to citizens at prices that include to total recycling costs. In nations such as China where the level of rubbish collected on a daily basis is enormous, recycling is big business whereby some people make large sums of
money than most of those that work on corporate companies and organizations.

Apart from the recycling and selling of waste products, some products such as electronics and clothing go to places such as charity homes, eBay and car boot sales (Brown, 2009). Through this, it is evident that although some people might view some products as rubbish hence worthless, to some, such in charity homes, some of the rubbished disposed such as clothes is normally of great importance to them. Most of the recycled products are normally for mass consumption but there are few of this that are normally durable.
Art paintings normally portray a lot of meaning because apart from being a decoration it also tells a lot about history. Antique paintings are normally resold at a very high price compared to other recycled products. This is because, after being disposed decades ago, businesspersons saw this as big business. Unlike other products whose price reduces with time, the price of antiques normally increases with duration.
For instance, the Stevengraphs, these are silk woven pictures made by Thomas Stevens, a Coventry silk weaver (Brown, 2009). Most of his portraits included those of the royal families, marriages and historical sporting events. Most of his works were normally used as souvenirs but the more time went by the more their demand increased and this became big business especially from 1879 when people began discovering the importance of product recycling.

Though numerous efforts are always made to minimize the amount of rubbish being disposed in the UK on a daily basis, the trash is so large to the extent that it is impossible to recycle all of it. Research shows that there is a large quantity of trash in the UK to the extent that if no quick solution is reached it will result to a shortage of landfills by 2018 hence a lot of money that would have been acquired from recycling is lost (Looney, 2012). Studies further shows that 17 million electronics such as mobile phones and computers are normally disposed in landfills annually but since the nation has a poor waste recycling Programme this normally results to loss of about 762 million pounds on a yearly basis that would have been used in boosting the nation’s economy.

Just like in the UK, other developed nations such as USA and China also have rubbish but unlike the UK, most of these nations have a more elaborate and organized way in which they recycle their waste in new products that are given back to the citizens in form of cardboards, glass and antiques.
In the US waste recycling programs were introduced during the 1970s and by mid 1990s, the entire nation had fully embraced garbage recycling after discovering how beneficial the program is not only to the government but even to individual citizens (Zimring, 2009). Although during the program’s initiation, there were a large number of criticisms from prominent members of states. For instance, in his 1996 New York Times Magazine publication, John Tierney argued that garbage recycling was more expensive when compared to garbage disposal or incineration (Zimring, 2009). According to Zimring, the total amount of money received from the process of waste recycling is less than the amount spent.

It is because of the huge benefits garbage recycling can do to a nation that many states are putting a lot of pressure to their citizens by providing education on the benefits of garbage recycling. A city such as San Francisco has been identified as one of the cleanest cities in the world. The main reason behind San Francisco’s recognition is the fact that the city has been at the forefront in campaigning for garbage recycling. According to Marc (2007), the recycling rate of San Francisco is 68%, this is the highest percentage ever achieved in the US. Most of the rubbish is normally recycled to valuable products such as plastic jugs, disposable cups and plates, water bottles and cans.

Rubbish normally encompasses substances presumed worthless the person disposing them. The fact that the owner views a substance as worthless since it no longer has any value to him or her does not imply that it unusable. Whereas most people normally dumb their waste products with the assumption that they are worthless, many companies and organizations normally take advantage of this ignorance to make a living out of the so-called “rubbish”. Recycling normally helps in the achievement of new products such as plastic jugs, disposable plates and waste papers.
Studies conducted in the UK revealed that the rapid increase of the quantity of rubbish in landfills is because of numerous shopping centers and malls that are located all over the city. Any substance that has no value to specific human beings, hence it is worthless. Apart from waste recycling and selling, products such as electronics and clothing go to charity homes, eBay and car boot sales.


  • Allen, J. (2009). One-Stop Shopping: The Power of Supermarkets. United Kingdom: The Open University Press
  • Brown, V. (2009). Rubbish Society: Affluence, Waste and Values. United Kingdom: The Open University Press
  • Gunther, M. (2007). The End of Garbage. Fortune, 155(5), 158-166.


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