Restructuring for Whom - Sample Essay

Poverty in the dynamic of the single-mother family has declined between 1993 and 1995. This is partly due to the fact that these families were given increased earnings from 1993-1999.

The benefits of the working mother however were increased and thus the increased earnings that the poor working mother had been given were cancelled out by the government’s inattention to detail, Declines in the food stamp and cash assistance benefits that working single-mother families received played a particularly large role in these developments, “Although large numbers of mothers have begun working, our findings suggest that safety net programs and the Earned Income Tax Credit are vital to supporting work and keeping these families out of poverty,” noted Kathryn Porter, the report’s lead author” (CBPP 2001).

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This research project has delved into the highlighting factors or the continual statistics found with the single mother and the poverty line. The literature provided supported the paper’s theory on the single mother and the consensus with the sociological perspective that these women although trying to work their way out of poverty are stuck in a cycle of government bureaucracy and stilted programs.

Different policies were initiated in support of the single mother but since the decline of welfare and the initiation of from welfare to work has been instituted, these women no longer receive the aid with which they had based their lifestyle and around. Such items as food stamps, insurance, and housing programs have systematically been stripped from their funding and have declined or become completely obsolete. Although the statistics show that welfare recipients are decreasing at a steady rate, this only reflects the turnaround initiated by the government in pushing people off of welfare.

This turn around rate only gives the recipient a few months or up to a year before they have to get a job and no longer receive payments from the government. The struggle of the low paid single mother is emphasized with the fact that she is supporting often times more than one child. The cost of a babysitter, as well travel funds to and from work are all incorporated into the budgeting schematic of the low paid single mother. She is often times forced to work more than one job in order to support her family.

These long hours as a wage earner do not afford her with healthcare not any other benefit. The social system needs to implement new policies in order to incorporate the perspective of the low paid single mother. They reflect a disparaging insight into American society in that they are representative of an entire class and are by no means an anomaly but exist throughout the entire nation. It is with this recognition, that low paid single mothers are the majority of the people living beneath the poverty line.

Work Cited

Andersen, Margaret. “Restructuring for Whom? Race, Class, Gender, and the Ideology of Invisibility”. Sociological Forum. Vol. 16, No. 2. June 2001. p. 181-201. Baldridge, J. Victor. “Sociology: A Critical Approach to Power, Conflict, and Change. ” John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1975. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP). “Poverty Rate Among Working Single Mother Families Remained Stagnant in Late 1990’s Despite Strong Economy”. (Online). Available: http://www. cbpp. org/8-16-01wel-pr. htm. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. “The ColumbiaEncyclopedia (6th ed. ). ”New York: Columbia University Press. 2004.



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