Prediction and Prevention - Sample Essay
In essence, even if Kistler admitted the crime he was accused of committing and the ignorance he has of the harm he was actually doing, SLT tells us that, nevertheless, there are causes behind the continuance of the behavior manifested by Kistler in terms of the existence of the rewards he was able to obtain in the form of ‘sexual satisfaction’ as well as in terms of the avoidance of the punishments that correspond to his actions.
All of these elements may have strongly swayed Kistler into the direction of originally performing the pretentious and sexual deed and sustaining it until the time when the case of a Utah girl who began chatting online with Kistler when she was 12 years of age led to his successful arrest (Associated Press, 2007). The SLT can be used in order to predict as well as prevent likelihood of a similar crime from occurring in the future.
By analyzing and having an understanding of the general behaviors of individuals by looking into the case of Kistler as a reference point and by extracting general principles from the specific details of the case, SLT can serve the function of providing determinants that will indicate which behaviors can most probably lead to child pornography and sustained sexual coercion through the use of the internet juxtaposed with the act of pretense.
Consequently, if one is to arrive at the capability of predicting the occurrence of a similar case o that of Kistler, there remains a high possibility that the same case will be prevented from actually occurring. The possible occurrence of certain criminal or conforming deeds is a function of the state of the stability of the specific elements that sway the behavior not only those functioning in an individual’s previous learning but also on those functioning at a specific instance, and those foretelling of imminent actuations (Akers, 1998, p. 59).
In other words, the probability of the replication of the same case to that of Kistler depends on the balance between the things that encourage and discourage the individual from submitting to the actualization of the action. Hence, in order to grasp the understanding of the probability of having another Kistler-case, one should have an understanding of the forces that inhibit the person from undertaking child pornography via the internet and those that prompt the person from undertaking the same act.
It has been argued that actions that violate the law can take place even when identified as not desired and even in the deficiency of any thought given to what is presented at the moment as either right or wrong (Akers & Jensen, 2006, p. 7). This reinforces the statement previously made by Kistler, the one in which he presumed that he was not conscious that we was inflicting harm, as the statement itself also reinforces the argument.
In predicting future Kistler-cases, one must then be reminded that internet child pornography can materialize even if the individual did not originally desire it, much more when the individual has no immediate sense of moral precepts. Hence, to predict sexual coercion through internet child pornography hidden beneath the act of pretense is to deliberately overlook individual exclusions in terms of one’s ethical comprehension and personal desires as these do not define nor drive the individual to the repeated performance of the act.
Rather, in terms of the SLT, the action is repeated because of the presence of the rewards the individual obtains and the avoidance from the existing punishments attached to the performance of sexual coercion through internet child pornography beneath pretense. Hence, the prediction of the occurrence of the act rests on the understanding of the presence of the rewards—rewards that are in the form of sexual satisfaction—and the evasion from punishments, more specifically from the legal sanctions and the perceived indictments from the moral sentiments of the ‘moral’ society.
By comprehending the idea that the existence of these rewards sustains the individual from continuously committing the deed, one can predict that the higher the presence of these ‘sexual’ rewards the higher probability there is that sexual coercion will ensue. Similarly, by understanding the idea that the avoidance of the sanctions prompts the individual to prolong the ‘deed’, one can also predict that the more the individual is able to avoid the sanctions the more the individual will stick to internet child pornography.