The immigration trend of Dominicans in Puerto Rico - Sample Essay
The figure presents the age distribution of the respondents, it can be seen that the age of the respondents is spread out, the youngest respondent was 15 and the oldest was 59. Majority of the respondents had an age of 23. The mean age of the respondents is 37 (Table) with a standard deviation of 13(Table), which means that the age range of respondents was spread out. Figure 2 The graph shows the percentage distribution of the sex of respondents in the survey, it is observed that the sample is made up of more females than males.
The graph presents the distribution of respondents’ immigration status in Puerto Rico, it can be seen that there are more illegal immigrants (56%) than those who have complete documents (46%). The figure presents the means of transportation that the surveyed Dominican immigrants used to get to Puerto Rico. It can be seen that majority of the respondents came to the region by the sea (72%) on board the dangerous yolas, while a few of them traveled through the borders (28%).
The pie chart presents the respondents reasons for coming to Puerto Rico, it can be observed that most of them came to the region to find work (50%) while very few came to have a better education (12%). Other reasons include being with family (16%) and because of poverty in their country (22%). The pie chart presents the number of years the respondents has stayed in Puerto Rico. Most of them have been in the region for seven years (28%), six years (23%) and two years (19%). The average length of stay in Puerto Rico of the respondents is 3.
07 years with a standard deviation of 2. 04 years. The line graph presents the educational attainment of the surveyed Dominican immigrants, it can be observed that majority of the group had a high school education (60%) and a few were able to get to college (10%). The circular graph presents the distribution of kinds of job that the respondents have in Puerto Rico. It can be seen that that most of them were working in manual labor (26%), while a few had clerical jobs (10%).
Other occupations include construction work (17%), personal services (17%), sales (14%) and janitorial services (16%). The graph presents the income rates of the respondents in their respective jobs by the hour. It can be seen that as the rate increases, the lesser the number of respondents who earn that rate, while most of them had income rates in the lower end. Moreover, the average income per hour of the group is 4. 54 dollars per hour with a standard deviation of 4. 22. This shows that the difference in rate of income is not that wide for the group.
The bar graph presents the responses of the survey sample on the question where they satisfied with their decision to come to Puerto Rico, although 46% said that they are satisfied, 34% had indicated they were not satisfied with their life in the region and 20% said they are cannot tell at this point if they are satisfied or not. Conclusion The results of the survey indicated that there are many illegal Dominican immigrants in Puerto Rico, and most of them are females, then they usually come to the region aboard the yolas, and the age range is very much wide which means that regardless of age, Dominican immigrants try to get to Puerto Rico.
When in Puerto Rico, they do manage to find jobs easily but often take on blue-collar jobs that do not require a high educational background, and they often have lower income rates by the hour. The frequently cited reason for coming to Puerto Rico is to find work and because the poverty in the Dominican Republic is unbearable, although there are those who would want to join their families who are already in PR. As to the satisfaction of immigrants on their decisions to come to PR whether they are illegal or legal immigrants tells us of a sad fate.
Most say they are satisfied but a number are not and some can’t even decide whether they are satisfied or not. In conclusion, the results of the survey supports the reports made on the status of Dominican immigrants to Puerto Rico, however it also tells us that they are an important labor force in the region as they usually took most of the jobs that Americans often do not want and they do make sacrifices just to get to Puerto Rico which they think holds promise and a brighter future for them.
They have reasons of their own that cannot be fully explained by the present survey but warrants further investigation in order to understand what motivates them to come to Puerto Rico at such high risks. A large number of illegal immigrants would also spell difficulty for all since they would be competing for jobs and resources, thus a regulation of all immigrants should be thought of.
Brown, H. (2004). Puerto Rico seeing more illegal Dominican migrants, The Morning Call (January 24, 2004). Retrieved May 13, 2006 from http://www. mcall.com/news/nationworld/puertorico/all-illegal0124,0,5212175. story “Dominicans put lives in danger to reach Puerto Rico”, (August 9, 2004) Taipei Times. Retrieved May 13, 2006 from http://www. taipeitimes. com/News/world/archives/2004/08/09/2003198060 “Immigration”, www. wikipedia. com Retrieved May 12, 2006 from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Dominican_immigration_to_Puerto_Rico Matos, C. (2002). Fewer Dominicans heading for Puerto Rico. EFE News Service (September 18, 2002). Retrieved May 12, 2006 from http://www. puertorico-herald. org/issues/2002/vol6n38/FewerDomin-en. shtml